O'Casey's play, in fact, is set in 1922 during the Irish civil war that pit the "Free Staters," who support the treaty with England, against the "Die-Hards," who oppose it. The context of brother vs. brother gives the play a grim and violent backdrop, which stays in focus through the role of a mentally and physically wounded young son, played by Nevin Miller in Theatre Gael's production.
And yet Juno and the Paycock is also a comedy, provoking laughter with situations involving a bickering married couple, boozing loafers and bawdy neighborhood wenches. As in his The Shadow of a Gunman, O'Casey's 80-year-old plays place humor side by side with drama in a way that feels fresh and contemporary to modern audiences. Theatre Gael's staging, however, has more luck with the tragic than the comic.
Juno and the Paycock's shifts in tone reflect the turbulence of life in a 1920s Dublin tenement, where you never know who'll walk in your door. It could be a ruthless, politically motivated terrorist, it could be the grieving mother (Jackie Prucha) of a gunman's victim, or it could be merely an out-of-breath fellow asking "You don't happen to want a sewing machine?" while clutching the appliance to his chest.
We witness these comings and goings from the seedy living room of the Boyles, with mustard-colored walls (designed by Phil Santora) that you can almost smell. Prone to peacock-like pride (hence the title) is "Captain" Boyle (Gene Ruyle), who styles himself like a seasoned mariner, despite avoiding employment and having had little actual maritime experience. His household is kept together by his tough, long-suffering spouse (Joanna Daniel) nicknamed "Juno" for the month of June.
With a no-nonsense wife, a loud, blustering husband and his quirky sidekick (John Stephen's mooching Joxer), the play's dynamic anticipates "The Honeymooners." Juno brandishes a frying pan when Boyle and Joxer sneak in from carousing, while Boyle bemoans his strangely convenient leg pains whenever a job opportunity comes his way. Juno sneers at his show of ill health: "Don't be acting as though you couldn't pull the wings off a dead beetle."
Eking out an existence with their trade unionist daughter Mary (Lily Yancey) and mentally addled son Johnny (Miller), the Boyles see a chance to improve their situation when they get word of a handsome inheritance. Borrowing money against a small fortune they hope to receive, they redecorate their flat, buy new clothes and a phonograph and begin adopting the airs of the nouveau riche. "Hand me that 'attackee' case," Boyle tells Joxer.
Anyone who watches sitcoms will mistrust the prospect of such easy money, and the Boyles will see fate punish them in the second act. Knowing of Mary's romance with a self-taught lawyer (an amusingly self-important Winslow Thomas) and Johnny's involvement with violent agitators primes you to expect the worst. Throughout, Daniel convincingly plays a mother taught by cruel experience to harden her heart, and her despair at the end echoes the mourning mothers of all eras.
Her husband, however, never gets to reveal the same depths of feeling as Juno, which partly reflects how the role is written. Whether faced with angry creditors or plotting mischief with Joxer, Boyle's scenes nearly always play as comic relief to the more serious moments, and consequently Ruyle's work comes across as broad and cartoonish. Ruyle has a good foil in Stephens (who delivers his lines in a high-pitched brogue worthy of Mel Blanc), and Boyle's self-importance and scheming tend to be droll but dramatically slight.
Juno and the Paycock nicely suggests the boisterousness of Irish life, having numerous moments of singing or the recital of poetry. But the Theatre Gael production leaves you less tickled by the antics of Irish men than moved by the plight of the women. The sorrow of O'Casey's piece is quite effective, but as entertainment it's more troubled.
Juno and the Paycock plays through Dec. 3 at Theatre Gael, 14th Street Playhouse, 173 14th St., with performances at 8 p.m. Thurs.-Sat. and 5 p.m. Sun. $12-$16. Call 404-876-9762 for information.